Country statistics


Land area: 224,533 sq miles (581,540 sq km)

Total area: 226,656 sq miles (587,040 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 21,281,844 (growth rate: 3.0%); birth rate: 37.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 52.8/1000; life expectancy: 63.2; density per sq km: 34

Capital City: Antananarivo

Monetary unit: Malagasy franc

Languages: Malagasy and French (both official)

Ethnicity/race: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Côtiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry: Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran

Religions: indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Islam 7%

Country introduction

The culture

Attractions & landmarks